The dual-band N+-p-p-p-P+-p-p-p-n+ avalanche photodiode (APDs) structure is designed and numerically analyzed in detail. We conducted a theoretical study of APD for medium wave (MWIR) and longwave infrared (LWIR) applications. The current-voltage (I-V) characteristics for the bias range -6V
Inverse Design of TiO2 − SiO2 based multilayer thin film for normal incidence of TM polarized light in visible region by Deep Neural Network is reported. The simulated and the target transmission spectra are closely following.
We analyzed the transmission properties of two plasmonic waveguides crossing by using numerical simulations. The subwavelength width waveguides are composed of sodiumair-sodium. The crossing structure is composed by a compact cross-shaped resonant cavity with a four-fold symmetry. The results demonstrated the feasibility of using sodium as a low loss material for several applications for nanoplasmonic […]
P18 – The counter-propagating traveling-wave technique for optimizing a continuous-wave fiber laser presenting excited state absorption
We report results of simulation of a continuous-wave fiber laser with active medium presenting an excited state absorption. The laser was simulated using the counterpropagating traveling-wave technique with taking into account two laser waves propagating along the laser cavity in opposite directions, two waves of amplified spontaneous emission, and exited state absorption observed for both […]
SC02 – Numerical simulation of eco-friendly 4-terminal all perovskite tandem solar cell using novel HTL structure in the bottom sub cell
In this paper, we proposed a free-pb 4-terminal (4T) all perovskite tandem solar cell (APTSC) as reference with the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 26.42% . First, a 100 nm MgF2 thin film is used as an antireflection layer (ARL) of the top sub cell to improve the total PCE of the reference structure. The […]
The optical characteristics of Si dome-tapered nanowires (NWs) solar cell (SC) are reported and analyzed by using finite difference time domain method. The geometrical parameters are studied to maximize the light absorption and hence the ultimate efficiency and short circuit current density of the reported NWs SC. The dome-shaped NWs show better absorption enhancement than […]
SC06 – Absorption Enhancement of GaAs Thin Film Solar Cell using Hemisphere Core-shell Nanoparticles
A novel design of GaAs solar cell (SC) is proposed and analyzed. Hemisphere core shell structures are placed over the surface of the SC to harvest more energy and increase the solar cell efficiency. The GaAs and GaSb are used as core/shell materials to increase the wavelength coupling between the dual cores of the proposed […]
An optical sensor system consisting of a pair of GaN LED and Photodetector (PD) is simulated using COMSOL Multiphysics, and the possibility of using this system as absorption coefficient sensor is studied. By locating both LED and PD on a same substrate and measuring transmitted power to the PD, it would be possible to sense […]
We mathematically derive a new nonlinear strain model to simulate the conduction and valence bands in highly bent 3D hexagonal nanowires with GaAs core and asymmetric (AlαIn1-α)As stressor. The model is based on a transformation of the 1st Piola-Kirchhoff stress tensor and an appropriate energy functional that captures the dynamics of the induced strain due […]
LED07 – Effect of Parabolic Quantum Well on Internal Quantum Efficiency of InGaN/GaN based MicroLED at low current density
The quantum cascade stark effect (QCSE) in rectangular shaped quantum well (QW) poses a hindrance to increase the internal quantum efficiency (IQE) of nitride based LEDs. To circumvent the said problem for micro-LEDs operating at low current density, a parabolic QW structure has been proposed which is found to be useful to alleviate the QCSE […]
In this paper, a microring resonator in Mobius topology is modelled and simulation analysis is carried out. The free spectral range of this silicon-on-insulator based photonic device is found to be 23.4 nm. This structure of microring resonator finds place in various applications such as sensors, polarization analysis, wavelength-selective reflectors.
Customizing the nonlinear profile along the direction of propagation helps in the realization of low-power all-optical switches. The switching intensities are extremely low (<0.01) in the broken regime provided that the light launching direction is right. It is believed that the switching intensities in the broken regime are always higher than that of the unbroken […]
P23 – Nanoplasmonic Ultra Compact, Low Insertion Loss UWB Band-Pass Filter Using Square Ring Resonators
This article presents the design and analysis of a nanoplasmonic ultra wide band (UWB) band-pass filter based on metal insulator metal (MIM) slot-waveguide using three square ring resonators (SRRs) for obtaining ultra wide band nature at optical frequencies. This filter shows the low insertion loss due to the zero coupling gaps and no mismatch between […]
The absorption of a multiband absorber based on a periodical plasmonic grating has been optimized. The optical and geometrical parameters of the plasmonic structure which is composed of germanium and gold are determined by an efficient genetic algorithm. The electromagnetic response of the absorber is numerically obtained by using the frequency domain finite element method. […]
In this paper, we design a graded-index photonic crystal based on Dirac semimetals and simulate the light propagation in the proposed structure using two-dimensional finite-difference time-domain method. The numerical results indicate that the designed GRIN PC has focusing capability for incident light at terahertz frequency range, and its focal distance can be tuned through changing […]
NM10 – One channel tunable bandpass superconducting filter for wavelength selective switching applications in communications systems
We design and evaluate the performance of optical filters that are built from one-dimensional photonic crystals (PhCs) amenable for integration into optical networks based on wavelength division multiplexing (WDM). The photonic heterostructures comprise the integration of a ferroelectric (BaTiO3), a dielectric (Y2O3), and a critical high-temperature superconductor material (YBa2Cu3O7−X) in between. Such nanosystems can allow […]
We propose an inverse hyperbolic-tangent-based digital pre-distorter that can suppress the Mach-Zehnder modulator-induced harmonic distortions by about 13 dB for single-tone signals, while maintaining the peak-to-average power ratio in optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexed signals.
N06 – Numerical simulations of nonparaxial solitons and their interaction dynamics in coupled Helmholtz systems
The role of nonparaxiality provides a fertile ground for fabricating miniaturized nanoscale devices. In this work, we examine the existence of nonparaxial solitons in a dimensionless coupled nonlinear Helmholtz system, allowing the propagation of ultra-broad nonparaxial pulses in a birefringent optical waveguide. We analytically obtain a bright soltion solution by using standard Hirota’s bilinearization method. […]
P22 – Dynamics of colliding Bragg solitons in a dual-core system with separated grating and cubic-quintic nonlinearity
We investigate the collisions of counterpropagating Bragg solitons in a dual-core optical coupler where one core has cubic-quintic nonlinearity and is coupled to another linear core equipped with a uniform Bragg grating. The outcomes of the collisions are diverse and exhibit rich dynamics.
We investigated the optoelectronic properties of ultra-small armchair (3,3) carbon (C), carbon nitride (CN) and silicon cabride (SiC) nanotubes using the density functional theory (DFT). We performed the calculations for two potentials Perdew-Burke-Ernzerhof Generalized Gradient Approximation (PBEGGA) and Tran-Blaha modified Becke-Johnson (TB-mBJ) potential. The results show a semiconducting nature with direct and indirect gap for […]
An optical mode converter based on asymmetric dual channel waveguides is reported and analyzed. The first channel is infiltrated with nematic liquid crystal (NLC) material while the second one has BK7 glass core. The first higher order mode of the NLC core is coupled to the fundamental mode of the neighboring core with high coupling […]
Photonic nanojet arises from a microcavity leading to high electric field. On the other hand, metal nanoparticles (NPs) lead to high field due to localization in small volumes. In this work, PNJ from an array of cavity induced plasmon resonances has been studied. The sharp profile of the PNJ has been observed by the inclusion […]
In this paper, a top defective layer of Barium sodium niobate (Ba2NaNb5O15) material of nanometer range thickness is used to confine Bloch surface mode at the upper interface of the proposed structure. For a 1275 nm operating wavelength, the structural characteristics are intended to stimulate a BSW at the top interface. Wavelength interrogation, angle interrogation, […]
NM12 – Design of Slot Waveguide based Directional Coupler for Optical Sensing of low concentration of Ethanol in Water
In this study, sensing of low concentration (0-10%) of ethanol in water is presented by refractive index sensing by silicon slot waveguide-based direction coupler. The significance spectral variation and sensitivity is observed to detect low concentration of ethanol in water.
Great research work has been studied for cancer detection due to its high death rate. In this paper, a novel design of photonic crystal fiber (PCF) biosensor based on surface plasmon resonance (SPR) is introduced and numerically analyzed for cancer cell detection. Full vectorial finite element method (FVFEM) is used throughout the numerical analysis of […]
Dual D-shaped (DD-shaped) plasmonic photonic crystal fiber (PCF) for refractive index sensing is designed and analyzed. In the proposed design, two gold nano-rods are attached to the two etched surfaces of the PCF to enhance the sensing characteristics. The surface plasmon (SP) modes excited at the metal/dielectric interfaces are strongly coupled to the PCF core […]
D08 – Numerical Simulation on the Effect of Operation Temperature on the Optical Transfer Characteristics for GaN/AlGaN SAM Avalanche Photodiodes
GaN/AlGaN avalanche photodiodes (APDs) have important application values and broad application potentials in the field of solar-blind ultraviolet (UV) detection. However, the self-heating effect has an obvious influence on the output characteristics of GaN/AlGaN APDs. In order to study the influence of self-heating temperature on its performance, the numerical model of GaN/AlGaN APDs is established […]
IS09 – Collision Dynamics of Solitons in a Grating Assisted Semilinear dual-core System with Phase Mismatch
The collision dynamics between two counterpropagating moving Bragg grating solitons and their outcomes in a model of semilinear dual-core Bragg-grating coupler with phase mismatch are investigated. The influence of gratings phase mismatch on the collision outcomes is also discussed.
D04 – Numerical simulation on the dependence of photoresponse on the thickness of the charge layer for GaN SAM avalanche photodiodes
GaN avalanche photodiode (APD) has important application prospects in the field of solar-blind ultraviolet (UV) detections. The back-illuminated GaN-based detector has been widely studied due to the advantages such as easy integration with readout circuit. Numerical model of GaN APD is established. The influence of the key function layer (charge layer) thickness on the device […]
LED08 – Influence of Prestrained Graded InGaN interlayer on the Optical Characteristics of InGaN/GaN MQW-based LEDs
In this work, an InGaN/GaN multi-quantum well light emitting diode is designed with different kinds of prestrain layers (InGaN) inserted between the active region and n-GaN layer to demonstrate the effects of piezoelectric polarization on GaN-based LEDs. The device describes a GaN buffer layer which promotes charge injection by minimizing energy barrier between electrode and […]